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Biomass Production, Supply, Uses and Flows in the European Union

Biomass is very much centre stage in the European Green Deal. Forests, the seas, freshwater and agricultural systems, are expected to simultaneously mitigate climate change, house biodiversity and generate goods.

The demand and supply of biomass have environmental, social, and economic impacts. Understanding biomass supply, demand, costs, and their associated impacts is particularly important for relevant (EU) policy areas, to facilitate solid and evidence-based policymaking.

Joint Research Centre (JRC) was requested by Commission services to periodically provide data, processed information, models, and analysis on EU and global biomass supply and demand and its sustainability. This report is the 3rd public-facing report under this mandate.

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